ERIC - ED - Man and His Physical Environment: Teacher's Manual.,Skip to search form Skip to main content. Man-environment interaction : an academic department moves into a new building. Save to Library. Create Alert. Share This Paper. Figures and Tables from this paper. Figures and Tables.
To understand the context of the WASH sector you need to understand the nature of the interactions between us as human beings and our environment. Humans need to interact with the environment to obtain our food, water, fuel, medicines, building materials and many other things. Advances in science and technology have helped us to exploit the environment for our benefit, but we have also introduced pollution and caused environmental damage.
The New View of Man in His Physical Environment
A physical environment is considered an area that is tangible and supports, influences, and develops life. On Earth, many different types of physical environments, natural and synthetic, have existed throughout its history. Furthermore, as scientific knowledge of the universe increases, scientists begin to search for true physical environments on other worlds. Earth did not technically exist as a physical environment before 2. At this time, simple, single-celled bacteria appeared and produced oxygen making the Earth suitable for widespread life. The first members of the animal kingdom, organisms resembling modern-day mollusks, did not appear until around million years ago. At this time, the Earth was covered in a warm, shallow ocean.
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Human activities affect the operation of physical environment processes, and the results rebound on the human world. The human factor is an important consideration in assessing climate, landform, and ecosystem changes. The physical environment provides resources and a platform to use those resources, but can also be a hazard to people. Therefore human impact as a subject is of special concern to physical geographers. This interest has developed from studying the impacts of the environment on human activities, to understanding the impacts of humans on the environment and attempting to reduce them. There is now overt recognition of the role of the human factor, wh ich is also reflected in an increase in applied work by physical geographers. The effects of human activit ies and physical environmental modifica tions range from being entirely local to global, and can be immediately evident or they may manifest slowly over time and become of concern at some time in the fu ture.
The social environment , social context , sociocultural context or milieu refers to the immediate physical and social setting in which people live or in which something happens or develops. It includes the culture that the individual was educated or lives in, and the people and institutions with whom they interact. The social environment is a broader concept than that of social class or social circle. The physical and social environment is a determining factor in active and healthy aging in place, being a central factor in the study of environmental gerontology. People with the same social environment often develop a sense of social solidarity ; people often tend to trust and help one another, and to congregate in social groups. They will often think in similar styles and patterns even when their conclusions differ. In order to enrich their lives, people have used natural resources and in the process have brought about many changes in the natural environment.
Since the earliest times, humans have needed to be sensitive to their surroundings to survive, which means that we have an innate awareness of our environment and seek out environments with certain qualities. First of all, humans have a strong need for safety and security and look for those attributes in their environment. We also look for physical comfort , such as an environment with the right temperature. In addition, we seek an environment that is psychologically comfortable : for example, environments that are familiar, but offer the right amount of stimulus. Retailers and the hospitality industry know this very well and try to provide an atmosphere that creates a positive customer experience and offers three important attributes: comfort, safety, and entertainment. These attributes are equally important in healthcare as well.