Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts ofModern societies are, if anything, capitalist; indeed, an argument can be made that what distinguishes modernity from pre-modern times is the emergence of capitalism. The pre-eminent theorist and opponent of capitalism, Karl Marx, identified the key characteristics of labour under capitalism as alienation and exploitation. These describe not only the economic system that came into being from the late 18th century onwards, but also the new kinds of social experience and selfhood that characterised western modernity. In this seminar we will focus on the core readings to gain a thorough understanding of what Marx meant by these concepts, what historical, economic and social structures determined them, and how they might have changed since Marx was writing over years ago. Open access. Part 1 of the article is directly relevant to our discussion.
The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
Add to Wishlist. By: Karl Marx. Product Description Product Details Written in as a series of notes, Marx's posthumously published critiques on the conditions of modern industrialist societies forms the foundation of the author's denunciation of capitalism. Combining elements of psychology, sociology, and anthropology, it is a profound examination of the human condition rooted in a philosophy of economics. In this concise treatise, Marx presents an indictment of capitalism and its threat to the working man, his sense of self, and his ultimate potential. With a focus on "Marxist Humanism," he describes the alienation of laborers in a capitalist system: since the results of their work belong to someone else, they are estranged from their own labor and can never function as freely productive beings.
The two editions of But although they have played a major role in the overall interpretation of his thought, they remained unknown for a long time and finally appeared in print nearly a century after their composition. The publication of these manuscripts was by no means the end of the story. Or should two different Marxes be identified in it? The conflict of interpretation also had a political side. The first sections of the [Economic-Philosophic Manuscripts of ] to be published were those which David Ryazanov, the famous Marx scholar then in charge of the Marx-Engels Institute in Moscow, brought out in Russian in , as part of the third volume of the Arkhiv K.
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Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
In the course of elaboration for publication, the intermingling of criticism directed only against speculation with criticism of the various subjects themselves proved utterly unsuitable, hampering the development of the argument and rendering comprehension difficult. Moreover the wealth and diversity of the subjects to be treated, could have been compressed into one work only in a purely aphoristic style; while an aphoristic presentation of this kind, for its part, would have given the impression of arbitrary systemizing. I shall therefore issue the critique of law, ethics, politics, etc. For this reason it will be found that the interconnection between political economy and the state, law, ethics, civil life, etc. It is hardly necessary to assure the reader conversant with political economy that my results have been won by means of a wholly empirical analysis based on a conscientious critical study of political economy.
See also PDF version in one file. Wages of Labour Profit of Capital. Capital 2. The Profit of Capital 3. Rent of Land Estranged Labour. Antithesis of Capital and Labour. Landed Property and Capital.