French and Raven's Five Forms of PowerWhat is the difference between leadership and power? The answer to that question might not be quite as easy at is seems at first. In fact, the more you think about it, the more you likely come to the realization that leadership and power might be the same thing. In any situation where one person is deemed to be the 'leader', they are likely also the person with the most power to make decisions. If you find yourself in a position of leadership within your organization, it is safe to say that you have a good deal of power as well. This research was important because it attempted to determine what it is that makes someone powerful in a given setting.
French and Raven's Five Forms of Power
Think of a leader you've known who relied on his or her ability to discipline or reward people to get things done. Then, remind yourself of a leader who was a renowned expert in his field, or who you really admired for his integrity. How did it feel to work for these leaders, and which one got the best from you? The way a leader behaves toward you and how effectively you work as a result can both depend on the source of her power. And her power need not come from her official status or title. Social psychologists John French and Bertram Raven studied this phenomenon more than half a century ago.
After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful leadership theory. Social psychologists John R. French and Bertram H. Raven conducted a remarkable study about power in They stated that power is divided into five separate and different forms. As we know, power and leadership are closely linked.
French Jr., John R. P.; Raven, Bertram (). Studies in social power, (pp. ). Oxford, England: Univer. Michigan, ix, pp. Book; Edited Book.
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In a notable study of power conducted by social psychologists John R. French and Bertram Raven in , power is divided into five separate and distinct forms. In Raven revised this model to include a sixth form by separating the informational power base as distinct from the expert power base. Relating to social communication studies, power in social influence settings has introduced a large realm of research pertaining to persuasion tactics and leadership practices. Through social communication studies, it has been theorized that leadership and power are closely linked. It has been further presumed that different forms of power affect one's leadership and success. This idea is used often in organizational communication and throughout the workforce.