Hybrid Electric Vehicles | SpringerLinkThe large variation in well-to-wheel efficiency of pure battery electric vehicles highlights the importance of renewable energy generation in order to achieve true environmental benefits. When calculating the energy return on investment of the various technologies based on the current energy generation mix, hybrid vehicles show the greatest environmental benefits, although this would change if electricity was made with high amounts of renewables. In an extreme scenario with heavy coal generation, the CO 2 eq return on investment can actually be negative for pure electric vehicles, highlighting the importance of renewable energy generation further. Jump to main content. Jump to site search. Journals Books Databases.
Energy Management Strategies for Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
We respect your privacy. All email addresses you provide will be used just for sending this story. Electric vehicles EVs are becoming increasingly common, with many manufacturers currently offering models that plug in. There are dozens more models expected to hit the market over the next few years. And there's been increasing interest from car shoppers.
E cars are Renault's version of the electric vehicle as an efficient, user friendly zero emission car. E vehicles feature a design which has been adopted to the spirit of an electric vehicle with the focus on minimizing energy consumption while at the same time providing core comfort features. Optimising energy management is consequently a key aspect of the research that has gone into the technology employed for this range of vehicles. Check out the Z. E models below and witness how Renault are driving the change. This is a car for the future - now.
Energy Management Strategies
Air pollution, global warming, and the steady decrease in petroleum resources continue to stimulate interest in the development of safe, clean, and highly efficient transportation. Building on the foundation of the bestselling first edition, Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals, Theory, and Design, Second Edition updates and expands its detailed coverage of the vehicle technologies that offer the most promising solutions to these issues affecting the automotive industry. Proven as a useful in-depth resource and comprehensive reference for modern automotive systems engineers, students, and researchers, this book speaks from the perspective of the overall drive train system and not just its individual components.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Lithium-ion battery technology has been developing rapidly, especially at the cell level, but costs are still high, and the potential for dramatic reductions appears lim ited. A PHEV will require about 2. Costs are expected to decline by about 35 percent by but more slowly thereafter. Projections of future battery pack costs are uncertain, as they depend on the rate of improvements in battery technology and manufacturing techniques, potential breakthroughs in new technology, possible relaxation of battery protection parameters as experience is gained, and the level of production, among other factors. Further research is needed to reduce costs and achieve breakthroughs in battery technology.
Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Power Sources, Models, Sustainability, Infrastructure and the Market reviews the performance, cost, safety, and sustainability of battery systems for hybrid electric vehicles HEVs and electric vehicles EVs , including nickel-metal hydride batteries and Li-ion batteries. Throughout this book, especially in the first chapters, alternative vehicles with different power trains are compared in terms of lifetime cost, fuel consumption, and environmental impact. The emissions of greenhouse gases are particularly dealt with. The improvement of the battery, or fuel cell, performance and governmental incentives will play a fundamental role in determining how far and how substantial alternative vehicles will penetrate into the market. An adequate recharging infrastructure is of paramount importance for the diffusion of vehicles powered by batteries and fuel cells, as it may contribute to overcome the so-called range anxiety. The final chapter reviews the state of the art of the current models of hybrid and electric vehicles along with the powertrain solutions adopted by the major automakers.